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The role of storage devices
Apr 17, 2018

The equipment used in warehousing can be divided into loading and unloading handling equipment, storage equipment, metering equipment, maintenance inspection equipment, ventilation lighting equipment, fire safety equipment, labor protection equipment, and other uses equipment and tools according to their uses and characteristics. In the specific management of warehouse equipment, the appropriate classification should be based on the size of the warehouse.

(I) Loading and unloading handling equipment Loading and unloading handling equipment is used for the entry and exit of goods, stacking within the warehouse, and turning operations. Such equipment plays an important role in improving warehouse management, reducing labor intensity, and improving collection and delivery efficiency.

At present, the loading and unloading handling equipment used in Chinese warehouses can generally be divided into three categories:

1, loading and unloading equipment. Including: overhead cranes, wheeled cranes, gantry cranes, forklifts, stackers, tackles, springboards, and skateboards.

2, handling transport equipment. Including: level vans, belt conveyors, elevators, and trolleys.

3, group handling tools. Including: trays, networks, etc.

(II) Storage Equipment The blanket equipment is used to protect the quality of warehousing commodities. Mainly summarized as the following:

1. Cushioning supplies: protects from rain, moisture, and ventilation. Including: tarpaulin (oil cloth, plastic cloth, etc.), mat, sleeper, stone and so on. Storks and banquets are used in open storage yards.

2. Inventory appliances: Includes various types of shelves and containers.

Shelf: An open shelf that stores goods. According to the layout of the warehouse. Shelves can be assembled in two ways or integrally welded. The overall manufacturing cost is high and it is not easy to change the combination of shelves. Therefore less used. Shelves play a large role in warehouses with large wholesale and retail volumes, especially in three-dimensional warehouses. It facilitates the entry and exit of goods, and can also increase the utilization of warehouse capacity.

Plastic logistics box

Plastic logistics box

Containers: Closed shelves that store goods. Mainly used to store more expensive or need special care products.

(III) Metering equipment: The metering equipment is used for metering and counting of commodities at the time of entry and exit, as well as inventory and inspection during the period of inventory. Such as: floor scales, track scales, electronic scales, electronic registers, flow meters, belt scales, balance instruments and more primitive scales, tape measures. With the modernization of warehouse management, modern automatic metering equipment will be more applied.

(D) Maintenance and inspection equipment: Maintenance and inspection equipment refers to the equipment and instruments that the commodity enters the warehouse for acceptance and storage in the warehouse to test, test and prevent the deterioration and failure of the commodity. Such as: temperature meter, tide gauge, moisture absorption device, drying box, air curtain (located at the gate, in order to separate the temperature difference between inside and outside), air conditioners, commodity quality testing equipment. This type of equipment is used more often in larger warehouses.

(E) Ventilation and warm lighting equipment: Ventilation and warm lighting equipment is based on the needs of commodity storage and storage operations.

(6) Fire safety equipment: Fire safety equipment is an essential equipment for warehouses. It includes: alarms, fire engines, manual pumpers, water guns, fire water sources, sand boxes, fire ladders, etc.

(7) Labor protection articles: Labor protection is mainly used to ensure the personal safety of warehouse workers during operations.

(8) Other supplies and utensils.

Warehousing equipment is an important component of warehousing systems. It is responsible for various tasks of warehousing operations and affects every aspect of warehousing activities. It plays a very important role in warehousing activities. Warehousing equipment cannot be operated or serviced after leaving warehousing equipment. The level and operating efficiency may be extremely low.

(1) Storage equipment is the main means to improve the efficiency of storage systems. A perfect storage system is inseparable from the application of modern storage equipment. The research and development of many new storage facilities has made a positive contribution to the development of modern warehousing. Practice has proved that advanced storage equipment and advanced storage management are two wheels that improve storage capacity and promote the rapid development of modern storage. Both are indispensable.

(2) Storage equipment is the main sign reflecting the level of the storage system. Warehousing equipment is closely related to warehousing activities. In the entire process of warehousing activities, functional operations such as storage and storage, inventory control, quantity management, quality maintenance and other auxiliary operations are involved. The efficient completion of these operations requires different storage facilities. Therefore, its level is directly related to the improvement and effective implementation of various functions of the storage activity, and determines the technical content of the logistics system.

(3) Storage equipment is the main cost factor for constructing storage systems. Modern warehouse equipment is a capital-intensive social wealth. The investment in modern warehouse equipment purchases is considerable. At the same time, in order to maintain the normal operation of the system and bring into play the effectiveness of the equipment, it is also necessary to continue to invest a great deal of money. The cost of storage equipment has an important impact on the input-output analysis of the system.